Diplomatic Relations with Foreign Nations
Upon declaring its independence in 1991, the Kyrgyz Republic has established diplomatic relations with many countries.
Currently, the Kyrgyz Republic has diplomatic relations with the following nations: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Cuba, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Island, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, the Netherlands, New Zealand, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Palestine, Paraguay, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, the South African Republic, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United States of America, the United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vatican, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia.
The Kyrgyz Republic has set up diplomatic missions to:
The Kyrgyz Republic also has the following consular offices:
In addition, the Kyrgyz Republic maintains the following permanent missions to international organizations:
Participation of the Kyrgyz Republic in International and Regional Organizations
Currently, the Kyrgyz Republic belongs to 80 international and regional organizations, including the following regional organizations:
The Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) – since November 1992
The key goal of the ECO as an inter-governmental regional institution is to identify the common interests of its member countries in various areas of economic cooperation, to assure their integrated coordination, to make decisions and bring them to the stage of execution. Trade between the Kyrgyz Republic and other ECO member countries represents about 70% of the entire trade volume of the country.
The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) – since September 1993
At present, the CIS, being one of the traditional forms of multilateral cooperation between post-Soviet nations, supports the maintenance of previously established relations in the post-Soviet period, and continues to play a stabilizing role resolving problems in various fields of cooperation among the CIS countries.
The Kyrgyz Republic is genuinely interested in international cooperation. Furthermore it actively participates in the structures of the CIS and within its framework, contributes to the further development of commercial and economic relations between the member countries.
The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) – since December 1992
One of the areas of the OIC’s activities since the disintegration of the Soviet Union is the resolution of economic problems in Islamic countries through the program developed by the OIC to establish a common market of Islamic countries based on the example of the European Economic Union.
The EuroAsian Economic Community (EurAsEC) – since June 2001
The EurAsEC is the legal successor to the Customs Union (CU) – March 1996.
The principal goals of the EurAsEC in the field of foreign trade and customs policy are: the further development of free trade; the establishment of the single customs tariff and a unified system of non-tariff regulation measures; the introduction of a concurrent system of preferences; the development of a harmonized position of member countries towards the WTO and other international economic structures; the introduction of a unified procedure of currency exchange regulation and supervision; the establishment of an efficient payment and settlement mechanism; economic safety at the external borders of the Community, their consolidation and development, and the alleviation of smuggling and other customs violations.
Economic policy activities include: a harmonized structural reorganization; the development and implementation of joint programs for social and economic development; a common payment system and compatibility of monetary and financial systems. They are also aimed at the establishment of equal conditions for production and business activities and equal access to markets for foreign investment, the establishment of a common transportation services market and a common energy market; joint research and development in priority areas of science and technology; the development of a unified system of legal regulation; and the establishment and operation of financial and industrial groups on a bilateral and multilateral basis.
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) – since June 2001
The principal goals and objectives of the SCO are: to strengthen mutual trust, friendship and neighbourliness between the member countries; to develop multi-industry cooperation for the purpose of supporting and strengthening peace, security and stability in the region; to jointly combat any exhibitions of terrorism, separatism and extremism; to combat illegal drug and arms traffic, other types of transnational criminal practices, and illegal migration; to encourage effective regional cooperation in the areas of common interest; to support integrated and balanced economic growth, social and cultural development of the region by joint actions taken on the basis of equal partnership with the purpose of continuous increase in living standards and conditions for the population in the member countries; to coordinate approaches towards integration into the global economy; to help assure fundamental human rights and freedoms in accordance with international obligations of the member countries and their national legislation; to support and develop relations with other countries and international organizations; to take joint action in the prevention of international conflicts and their peaceful reconciliation; and to jointly search for solutions to problems that may arise in the 21st century.